Bactrim (Trimethoprim and Sulfamethoxazole) Tablets


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Bactrim is prescribed for treating bacterial infections of the urinary tract and ear. The drug is also given for the treatment of bronchitis and traveler's diarrhea.

Drug Uses

A combination drug, Bactrim is a sulfonamide antibiotic. It treats infections by killing the bacteria.

How taken

The drug has to be used only according to the doctor’s prescription. Bactrim should be taken with milk or food to avoid upset of the stomach. If you have any problems in swallowing the drug, Bactrim can be crushed and mixed in water or any other soft drink and taken.

If you want to have complete relief from the infections, the whole course of the medication should be completed. Never stop the drug in the middle without contacting the doctor even if you see some improvement in the infections. If the medication is stopped in midcourse, there are chances for the infection to relapse. Moreover, never take Bactrim for longer periods as it also increases the risk of a second infection.

Missed dose

Never miss any dose of Bactrim. However, if you forget any dose, take it as soon as you remember it. But never go for a double dosage.


If by any chance you think of having taken an overdose of bactim, seek immediate medical attention. Nausea, vomiting, decreased appetite, diarrhea, headache, yellowing of eyes/skin, decreased or bloody urine are some of the overdose symptoms that is noticed with Bactrim.

More information

Always be frank to discuss with your physician regarding all your health problems. Tell the doctor if you have any allergic reactions to any particular substance, food or drug. Your physician should have to know if you are ailing blood related problems, Kidney/liver issues and asthma. Before the doctor writes bactrim for your infections, he should know if you are having any enzyme deficiency, low folate levels and glucose–6–phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency.

Women who are pregnant should have to take bactrim with caution. When pregnant, always discuss the risks of using the drug with your doctor. The drug is not prescribed during the 38th week of pregnancy and in the later stages. Bactrim should not be taken while breast-feeding as the drug is traced in breast milk and may harm the feeding babe.

Elderly people have to be more cautious while using bactrim as they are at a higher risk to the side effects. When given to children below ten years of age, you should have to be more cautious.


Bactrim is also known to interact with many medications. Be cautious in using bactrim if you are taking medicines for blood pressure, diabetes and heart diseases.

If you come across diarrhea while you are on Bactrim medication, never treat it on your own. Contact the doctor at once if you come across stomach pain and bloody stools.

Bactrim can also interfere with lab results. So it is better to inform the lab technician about your bactrim medication beforehand.

It is also better not to expose the skin for long hours as the drug is sensitive to sun.

Is the Intake of Antibiotics in Ear Infection Harmful for Kids?

Ear infections are one of the most widespread illness influencing babies and little children in the world. Usually, the infections occur behind the ear drums in the middle ear. Every year, there are 10 million cases and it is no surprise that it is the most basic reason for visiting the pediatrician.

As per the Mayo Clinic, 3 out of every 4 children will suffer from ear infection at least once by the age of 3. For several kids, it can result in a chronic issue, demanding medical treatment year after year. It also brings the small children at the risk of developmental and associated speech difficulties and/or permanent hearing impairment.

Thus, being parents, we should question about the frequent occurrence of these ear infections and the methods of prevention so that it can avoided in future.

Several physicians think that recommending antibiotics is the ideal way to cure an ear infection. Although, a study conducted on 2975 children in Netherlands suggested that the recommending antibiotics for an ear infection was inefficient for 88% of the times. The study explained that in several cases, the chances of recurrence becomes three times. It demonstrated that the perfect treatment in maximum of the situations was to postpone or avoid the use of antibiotics at all.

Drastic Misuse of Antibiotics

The treatment of ear infection in children with the help of antibiotics is one of the biggest misuses of antibiotics. The center for Disease Control approximates that out of 235 million antibiotics doses given every year, nearly 20 to 50 percent are useless. This excessive utilization can dreadfully cause shocking health complications in children. They can lead to illnesses that are difficult to cure and more expensive to treat.

Antibiotics have been seen to elevate the probability of the recurred ear infections when used needlessly. Why are these many physicians prescribing them? The reason may be that few physicians are not in search of the fundamental cause. For an instance, if an antibiotic is prescribed for an ear infection which was caused due to a viral infection, there might be not advantage at all.

No Infection at All

Many times, difficulties with ear may not be even because of an infection. Food allergy due to dairy or some other reason may cause an Inflammation. If the antibiotics are prescribed without doing a culture first, the given antibiotics might actually be responsible for more harm than benefit. The useful bacteria which are shielding our kids and reducing their risks of getting ‘real’ ear infection are actually killed off, making us more susceptible to a new attack.

There are several ways to efficiently deal with ear conditions devoid of any usage of antibiotics. In majority of the cases, antibiotics are not required:

  • They do not reduce the pain.
  • They are not effective against ear infections caused due to virus.
  • Generally, several bacterial and viral infections disappear on their own in 2-3 days, particularly in kids above the age of 2.

Bactrim Prescribing Information

Serious pancytopenta and megaloblastic anaemia have been described in patients under treatment with pyrimethamine and either co-tnmoxazole or other sulphonamides.

Pyrimethamine + Co-trimoxazole or Sulphonamide

Bactrim Information from